THE PERSO-AFGHAN QUESTION 455 were amazed at British magnanimity in exacting no guarantee, no indemnity, and no concession ; and the joy of the Sadr-i-Aazam at the absence of any demand for his dismissal may be imagined.1 From the British point of view relations with Persia became better after the war, which Persians seldom refer to with bitterness ; and, as the Indian Mutiny broke out a few weeks later, it was fortunate that no British troops were locked up in Persia or Afghanistan. The New Ruler of Herat.—The Persian Government, forewarned of the terms of the treaty, hastened to hand over Mohamed Yusuf to the relatives of Said Mohamed, by whom he was put to death. A Barakzai Sirdar, Sultan Ahmad Khan, a refugee nephew and son-in-law of Dost Mohamed, was appointed Governor of Herat upon agreeing to cause the Khutba to be read in the name of the Shah. The young Sirdar hastened to his principality, where he arrived before the Persian General, a prince of the blood, had heard of the new agreement. The latter, roused from his slumbers by the intrusion of the importunate Afghan, promptly ordered him to be seized and bastinadoed. After this favourite punishment had been inflicted, matters were duly explained and the Sirdar was seated on the Herat throne. Consequently, although Persia had been defeated, she was able both to keep the terms of the Treaty of Paris and yet to rule Herat through Sultan Ahmad Khan, who even visited Teheran and received a robe of honour from his gracious suzerain the Shah. It is difficult to understand why the British Government did not insist on the handing over of the province to Dost Mohamed, and it looks as if the astute Persian got the better of the British negotiator. During this period of transition, a deputation of British officers from the Teheran mission was despatched to Herat; but the Afghan Prince was not satisfied with receiving "the moral support of England's recognition and sympathy " and little else. A Russian mission under 1 It is not generally known that we owe the invention of khaki to this war, the Persian word signifying " of dust," and so " dust-coloured." It appears that some Persian troops dressed in this dust-coloured uniform were almost invisible at a distance, and the Indian authorities accordingly adopted it.